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house-cowScientific name:
Bos primigenius taurus

Natural spread:
global occurrences

as trunk-form of the house-cow comes only the Auerochse or original in consideration. After the until now available material, one must assume that the house-cow was created in Near east approximately 8000 years ago. It was used like the Gayal as victim-animal quite similar at first preferably. Antique representations from Near east and Egypt show that house-cows had a kultische meaning. With the Hindus, saints cows are admired still today.

Certainly, cows turned into the barter and to the forerunner of a currency (Latin) with this esteem. pecunia = money meant livestock originally. In sharing of Africa, a young man still pays its father-in-law a bride-price cows in form of umpteen also today. The number of the cows is standard for the wealth of its owners. Main-value of the cows is with these conditions of this of a currency. Under such circumstances, cows are hardly bred on performance. Spectacular horn-forms possibly are breeding-goal and - sizes. Nomadisierende shepherd-people like Massai and Turkana live on this stage of civilization still today.

An ever more intensive utilization of the house-cows began with advancing of the beef-breeding to Europe. Meat-profit, skins and horns stood in the foreground of the interest at first. The cows later became also Zugtiere. The milk-performance finally was the climax of the züchterischen development of the cow. In the present, the cow is exploited virtually industrially like other pets as well. Stalls with automatic trough, feeding and manure-elimination are an example for it.

Primitive races Which really crude breeding-breed is, is not to be decided easily. Surely, a primitive characteristic is late starting sexually mature. This mark applies to the steppe-cows. Belongs to this the Szilay-Rind Hungary, that Podolische cow, the Spanish cow and this of this abzuleitenden beef of the new world.

The bay, shaggy Scottish highland-cows live over outside the whole year. One can look at fight-cows from South-France and Spain as well as the Corsican country-cow as further primitive-races.

Height-livestock The beef-races of the Alps and the low mountain regions are used quite versatilely. they serve the mast, the milk-performance and the work as Zugtiere, likewise. The Simmentaler cows are a special heavy breeding-race from Switzerland, that is spread also in Southern Germany. Other height-races are the Pinzgauer and the Allgäuer cow. The franc-livestock is used above all for the work for the team. To be looked at especially splendidly, the red-livestock is from different German low mountain regions; also the Harzer cow belongs into this group. These cows have a bay fur, they are an easy hit.

Valley-livestock Breeding-races with topmost milk-profit are among the valley-livestock, the black-colorful ones from East-frieze-country and the red-colorful ones from Westphalia. Today, these hits are widespread world-wide. This is an angler cow an easy, bay race with high milk-performance.

Feeder With rising consumption of beef, some meat-races gain importance. This big - and fast-growing Norman-livestock is one-crossed into many beef-continuances to the improvement the bull-mast. The horn-loose Angus-cow from Scotland is bred beside other races of the British islands as a meat-supplier. The Shorthorn-Rind formed the basis of the beef-breeding in the pioneer-days of the USA.

Extinction of house-cows With the rationalization and mechanization, many beef-breeding-races became uneconomic. Zugochsen are Z. B. in one modern operation no more possible. Late-night-maturities races and such that remains behind in mast and milk-performance behind the high-breeding-races is tough in the decline understood. Some breeding-races are only therefore held from culture-historic interest in small continuances. The Hungarian steppe-cows belong to it.

Back-cows In Asia is a number of beef-races, for which Zebus is called, at home. A neck or withers-hump is all together. This back is not supported by fuss by thorn-fort-sentences. The back-hump of the Zebus primarily consists of the unduly developed mass of a back muscle.

The Zebus are from quite different size. The (or this) ream or Guzerat-Zebu is the biggest, that Ceylon-Zwergzebu the smallest breeding-race. As far as not the Zebus its existence periods as saints cows in India, they let themselves use quite well as Zugtiere.

One calls Africa's back-cows Sanga-Rinder. These distinguish themselves through huge horns, that can become long with the Watussi-Rind until 133 cm, in many cases.

Not all cows of Africa are back-cows. The black Dahomé-Rind from west-Africa is short-horny and reminds of European cows in its physique.

The Zebus descend despite its deviant appearance of the Auerochsen. Probably, they go back to a quilt-living in subtype of the Auerochsen. they let yourself cruise with all other beef-races without further.

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